That’s pretty common. Also wanting to monitor everything in the panel is pretty common for the uninitiated. Most folks change their approach once they get a chance to see and think about the data.
My feeling is that there are several different activities requiring data:
Looking at individual appliances, their duty cycles and power profiles is something that requires fairly high resolution data over a relatively recent short period of time. It’s also something that you typically do once or at best occasionally. For that, Graph+ directly from the IoTaWatt current log with 5 second data works great.
The other activity is looking at long term usage as billed, seasonal trends in appliances like HVAC, and demand trends for capacity planning for things like generators. For that, one minute data is fine. Any time period greater than 12 hours will use 1 minute data with graph+.
Another activity is solar generation, consumption and net usage. Usually that’s analyzed a day at a time, so 2 minute data at best, You can do it with Graph+ but PVoutput is a very good free tool for that and it uses 5 minute data.
So it may sound crazy at first, but my recommendation is to upload one minute data to influx or Emoncms, and use Graph+ directly on the IoTaWatt for high resolution analysis. Most folks don’t use high resolution historical data, and shrinking the dataset makes it more manageable for uploading, backup and query.
No, the voltage is taken from the voltage channel associated with the CT channel. For most single-phase users that’s channel zero. VA is just that - Volts x Amps.
Slightly different, just as accurate for all intents and purposes. The IoTaWatt actually doesn’t record Watts. It records cumulative Wh since inception. To get Watts, it divides the cumulative Wh by the cumulative Hours measured. When you upload Watts to influx, it integrates for Wh by doing the reverse - Multiple Watts by Hours in the group (interval). So there can be some precision and rounding effects from the division and decimal digits sent. It doesn’t amount to much significance in the big picture, but it is different.
I assume by context that you mean how much external storage does it have on the SDcard. Newer units have 8 GB. The current log holds up to a year of 5 second resolution data and uses about 1.6 GB. The history log holds up to 10 years of 1 minute resolution data and uses about 1.3GB after ten years. The size of each is displayed in the Data Logs status display.